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What is climate?

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«Hello! I am a bunny, my name is Tema! Today I will tell you what are the climate and the weather! »

Climate is the average weather, usually for several decades (e.g, 30 years) for a specific region. The climate is divided into macroclimate and microclimate. Macroclimate is the climate of the vast territories and water areas, the earth's climate in general, the climate of the geographical zones. Microclimate is the climate of small territories.

Weather, unlike climate, describes the short-term state of the lower atmosphere. At the same time, some aspects of climate: precipitations, temperature, humidity, wind speed can also describe the weather. But such things as, for example, ice, fog, rain determine only the weather.


Why is climate changing?

Not only the weather changes from day to day but the climate does too, but much slowlier - for hundreds of thousands and millions of years.

Climate change is presumably caused by the fact that the amount of heat that our planet gets from the sun, increases or decreases. Human activity also affects the climate.

Burning the fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas), the intensive development of industry, transport and agriculture have resulted in a significant increase in emissions of greenhouse gases. Their accumulation in the lower part of the Earth's atmosphere leads to its additional heating.


Why is climate change dangerous?

Hello guys! I'm a polar bear, my name is Misha. Because of the climate change, the conditions of life of many animals are changing. For example, the melting of the ice cover of the Arctic Ocean leads to the reduction of the territory inhabited by polar bears, who are forced to move to other areas. Look at the Iceberg, it has almost melted!

- Yes, Misha! With such weather I am nearly melted. Did you know that the melting of glaciers in mountain areas can lead to the increased risk of floods, landslides, debris flows, reduction of water in mountain streams (especially in India, parts of China, and South America), as well as to the dwindling or disappearance of many of the winter recreation centers, such as the ones in the Alps?

- Why are you harping, "Climate change is bad! Temperature rise is bad! " For us, insects, the temperature rise comes in very handy! With the increase of temperature the area suitable for our living becomes bigger. So the climate change makes us really glad. Here I have already packed a suitcase, and am studying a map and choosing where to move! The people will not like our move though, because we can bring dangerous diseases.

Climate change could affect the seasonal distribution of many diseases carried by mosquitoes and ticks.

Did you know this?

The research shows that the increase of the global mean temperature by just 1 ° C will badly affect the functioning and composition of the forests. The species living in the forests will change. New combinations of species, and therefore new ecosystems are likely to appear. Composition and geographic distribution of ecosystems will change too. This can cause the degradation and fragmentation of habitat areas of some species. Species that are not able to adapt quickly enough, will disappear forever from the face of the earth. Climate change will increase the damage from pests and forest fires.



Now let's talk about what we can do ourselves to reduce the adverse effects on the environment.

1. Economical approach to resources

- Saving electricity - switch to energy-saving light bulbs.

Unless you need it, do not leave the lights, the TV, computer, tape recorder and other electrical appliances switched on.

- Economical consumption of thermal energy: insulate the window - poorly insulated windows can lead to losing up to half of the heat;

- Economical consumption of water;

- Use double-sided printing. Before printing any document, think if you need it. It might be better to view the document on the monitor and save an electronic version.

- Use eco-bags made of natural fabric, as an alternative to plastic bags.


2. Separate waste collection

- Waste paper is ~ 30% of all solid waste (SW). Paper collection and delivery for recycling can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the disposal of waste at landfills (in Russia, 97% of SW is landfilled). The collection and recycling of waste paper will help the conservation of forests;

- It is necessary to give away used batteries, rechargeable batteries, electronic scrap and mercury devices and other hazardous waste, household appliances, toys, labeled plastic, glass.

- Try to buy products made from recyclable or recycled materials.

- Avoid buying disposable items (they only increase the amount of garbage)


3. Respect for the green areas

- A small fire in the woods can lead to a huge fire

- Plant trees, shrubs, flowers, lawn

- Do not leave garbage in the forest. All the garbage may be disposed of only in containers.




The natural disposal of waste may take years and even centuries:

  • Glass bottle - 1 million years
  • Tin - 80-100 years
  • Rubber sole shoes - 50-80 years
  • Leather - 50 years
  • Product of nylon - 30-40 years
  • Plastic case of the film - 20-30 years
  • Plastic bag - 10-20 years
  • Butt - 1-5 years
  • Woolen socks - 1-5 years
  • Orange or banana peel - 2-5 weeks